IELTS Speaking Exam Structure 2023 (Part 1)

1, IELTS Speaking Structure 

Part 1: Introduction and Interview (4-5 minutes)

In this part, the examiner will introduce themselves and ask the candidate some general questions about familiar topics such as home, family, hobbies, etc.

Part 2: Individual Long Turn (3-4 minutes)

The examiner will give the candidate a task card with a specific topic. The task card will include prompts to help the candidate develop their ideas. The candidate will have one minute to prepare and can take notes on a draft paper. They will then have up to two minutes to speak on the given topic. After the candidate finishes their response, the examiner may ask one or two additional questions related to the topic.

Part 3: Discussion (4-5 minutes)

In this part, the examiner will ask the candidate further questions related to the topic in Part 2. The questions will focus on more abstract and complex issues related to the topic, encouraging the candidate to express their opinions, provide explanations, and discuss various aspects of the topic.

2. IELTS Speaking Band Descriptors:

The IELTS Speaking band descriptors outline the criteria used to assess a candidate's performance on a scale of 1 to 9. The four main criteria evaluated are:

a. Fluency and Coherence:

- Speaking coherently: Candidates should provide relevant and connected answers, demonstrating their ability to stay on topic and use appropriate linking words and phrases.

- Speaking at length: Candidates should provide responses of sufficient length for each part of the test.

b. Lexical Resource:

- Using words accurately: Candidates need to use words correctly in terms of meaning and collocation within sentences.

- Vocabulary range: Candidates who demonstrate a wide range of vocabulary related to the topic will be evaluated positively. It is advised to avoid overusing common words such as "like," "happy," "beautiful," etc., particularly for achieving a band score of 6.5 or higher.

c. Grammatical Range and Accuracy:

- Using a mix of simple and complex sentence structures.

- Demonstrating flexibility in using different clause types and complex structures.

- Avoiding errors, especially those related to tenses, basic grammar rules, and sentence structure.

d. Pronunciation:

- Pronouncing words accurately, placing stress correctly, and using appropriate intonation and rhythm.

- Speaking at an appropriate pace, neither too fast nor too slow, and pausing at the right places.

Overall, the IELTS Speaking test lasts between 11 and 14 minutes, depending on the number of questions asked by the examiner and the length of the candidate's responses. It assesses the candidate's ability to fluently answer questions, demonstrate knowledge on various topics, and effectively communicate with the examiner.